I recently bought a very expensive board game called Gloomhaven. It was £180 (approx $235). When I spoke to people about it they asked, “Why are board games so expensive?” So I thought I’d write a post about it.
Why are boardgames so expensive? They are often made by small publishers, in small print runs, with custom components which means the production costs are high. Each game also has costs for assembly, storage and distribution.
Of course, the price of board games varies hugely. That’s mostly due to the components they have, who the publisher is and how large the print run is. But if you look at the cost per hour over the life of a board game, they can be pretty good value.
Most board games are printed by small publishers for the hobby games market
Mass-market board games like Monopoly are printed by large publishing houses like Hasbro. But most board games are actually made by small companies that employ very few people.
Small print runs
Like anything bought at scale, large board game publishers benefit from discounts on their print runs, smaller board game publishers don’t.
While Monopoly might be published in a print run of 50,000 a small publisher will be looking at maybe 2,000 for their first print run.
Small board game publishers need to print only what they think they can sell and test the market, before investing in larger print runs. As small businesses, they cannot afford to have all their cash tied up in unsold games.
There’s a huge difference between Monopoly and something like Gloomhaven.
They are targetted at very different audiences.
Monopoly is made for the mass market, general household audience. It’s a family game with pretty simple roll a dice and move mechanics.
Each player has different actions, different enemies have different attacks and each game scenario has a different setup, etc. People spend time learning the rules, referring to the rules during the game and debating how they are interpreted when ambiguities come up.
It’s unlikely that your average household family board gamer would pay the £160+ that Gloomhaven costs.
But would a tabletop hobby gamer pay that much? Absolutely!
Number of components
Monopoly has relatively few components, and they’re mostly quite cheap too. The most expensive components being the metal player pieces because they are custom designs and made of metal. The rest are pretty cheap to print – some paper money, a board, two decks of cards, a rule book and the box.
There are hundreds of components for Gloomhaven! I’m not even going to attempt to list them all! And it includes detailed miniatures for all the playable characters.
Gloomhaven costs a lot more to produce than Monopoly. But it also takes a lot more time to assemble.
Some components have extra details like stickers to seal boxes and envelopes so they can’t be opened until later in the game.
One of the big costs with this game is
There’s not much profit to be had
The profit margin on board games is pretty small. The price you see in your local shop is not how much the publisher sold it for.
The wholesale price of a board game was probably 40% of the retail price.
The price the publisher sold it to the distributor will have been lower still.
It’s the same with any physical product, everyone along the chain from manufacturer to consumer wants their share of the profits.
Everything you buy is a lot more expensive than how much it cost to make.
A typical distribution model might look like this.
Publisher > Distributor > Retailer > Taxes > Consumer
But if you add more layers to this, say you have a wholesaler and then a distributor, the margins get even tighter and the costs may get higher.
Given that board games sell in smaller quantities than food or clothing, the margins need to be higher to make sure that everyone in the chain makes a profit.
If a board game hits it big, the price is reduced.
This sometimes happens with Kickstarter games which get really popular. When more are sold, publishers order larger volumes, volume discounting kicks in and the margins can be smaller but still earn the publisher the same target revenue.
Publishers are at the mercy of variable costs
There are a lot of costs outside a board game publisher’s control. For example:
- The publisher is in America, but components are manufactured in China and the exchange rate changes
- Plastic becomes more expensive
- A change in government legislation means that all employers must provide a pension to all their staff
- The price of oil increases making shipping freight more expensive
A board game brings together lots of small components that all have to be commissioned from suppliers, sorted and bought together in a box, then shipped around the world and stored in a warehouse. Making board games is expensive.
Board games may actually save you money
Comparing a board game to other activities, it’s actually pretty good value.
You pay the one-off cost for the board
|Activity||£||People||Hours||Uses||Cost pp per hour|
|2 games of bowling||60||6||2||1||£5|
Games are only cost-effective if they are actually played!
Some board game hobbyists spend more time collecting games than playing the ones they have! In which case, board games are expensive. And so is the storage for them.
We have limited space for storing our board games so we have a natural limit on how many we can have. We regularly review our collection for those that we don’t really play anymore so that we can sell them and free up space (and raise money) for new ones.
Other than the entertainment cost over time, board games are pretty good value for other (maybe less obvious) reasons too.
- We tend to play games at each other’s houses which means we aren’t spending money in bars or restaurants. Just a little money on snacks and drinks or a takeaway.
- Games hold their value quite well if you want to sell them on.
- We don’t duplicate games across our gaming group. So if someone has a copy of Secret Hitler, we don’t buy one for ourselves.
- We only buy expansions for games that we love and play regularly.
Conclusion – Why are board games so expensive?
Board games can look expensive at first glance. The trick is to buy games that you and your friends will enjoy so you get hours of fun for very little money.
For example, the board games I play with my friends who speak English as a second language are very different to the quick games I play with my regular gaming group to decide who goes first in a longer game.
Board games tend to fall into four different price brackets, with the average price being $20-$45 (£15-£35). So you don’t have to spend a fortune on an expensive board game. See my article about average board game prices to find out where you can get a good deal.
Take a look around at different games. Soon you’ll be so excited to get your hands on a game that the price will be worth it.
How can I get board games cheaper? You can buy them second hand online on Amazon, eBay, the Reddit board game Bazaar or the BoardGameGeek Marketplace. You can also check out my article on average board game prices and where to get a good deal.
How can I try a board game before I buy it? Join a local board gaming group and play the games other people bring along. Or head down to your friendly local board game shop or board game cafe, they are usually happy to show you how a game works. Your local library may have a collection of board games too.
What board games are cheap? Games like Love Letter, Sushi Go, Sabatour, Coup, Skull and Forbidden Island all sell for between £10-£20. If you want to spend a little more, King of Tokyo, Carcassonne and Ticket to Ride usually sell for £20-£30. These are all good introductory games for someone new to the hobby.